Top 20 Best Bamboo Species

Top 20 Best Bamboo Species

The following 20 bamboo species are accorded as the best bamboo species in the world and have a high priority for large scale cultivation, depending on objective and end use of the crop.

* Bamboo species are shown in alphabetical order not by ranking!

Records - of

Species Name

C

RI

E

CL

SL

Bambusa balcooa ++ ++ ++ h, d m, r
Bambusa bambos ++ ++ ++ h, d, s r, m, p
Bambusa blumeana ++ ++ ++ h, d, s r, m, p
Bambusa polymorpha + + - h, d r, m
Bambusa textilis + ++ + st r, m
Bambusa tulda + ++ + h, d r, m
Bambusa vulgaris - - ++ h, d, s r, m, p
Cephalostachyum pergracile + ++ + h, d m
Dendrocalamus asper ++ + ++ h, d r
Dendrocalamus giganteus + + + h r
Dendrocalamus latiflorus ++ + + h r
Dendrocalamus strictus ++ + ++ d, s m, p
Gigantochloa apus + ++ ++ h r
Gigantochloa levis + ++ ++ h r
Gigantochloa pseudoarundinacea ++ + + h, d r
Guadua angustifolia ++ ++ ++ h r, m
Melocanna baccifera + ++ + h r
Ochlandra sps. + + + h r
Phyllostachys edulis ++ ++ ++ t r, m
Thyrsostachys siamensis ++ ++ ++ d m
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Legend:

C = Commercialization Potential: High (++), medium (+), and little (-).

RI = Rural Industries: High (++), medium (+), and little (-).

E = Environmental Rehabilitation: High (++), medium (+), and little (-).

CL = Climate: humid tropics (h), dry tropics (d), subtropics (st), semi-arid (s), temperate (t).

SL = Soils: rich (r), medium (m), poor (p).

 

Selection Criteria

1. Utilization:

  • Relative importance to countries in terms of current use.
  • Potential importance for expanded use.

2. Cultivation:

  • Knowledge on degree of domestication and commercialization.
  • Potential for generation of knowledge.

3. Products and processing:

  • Products currently valued.
  • Products likely to increase in value.
  • Enhanced processing shows clear potential.

4. Germplasm and genetic resources:

  • Material currently available or expected to be readily available.
  • Degree of genetic erosion of the resource base.
  • Needs for genetic resources conservation programs.

5. Agro-ecology:

  • Suitability for agro-ecological zones.
  • Suitability for use in special circumstances e.g. degraded lands, and mountainous areas.

* Criteria not included in this study are physical and mechanical properties, among many other variables. When taking these criteria into account Guadua angustifolia (Guadua Bamboo) and Phyllostachys edulis (Moso Bamboo) are undoubtedly the best bamboo species for construction and industrial use, especially in regards to strength and size.


Not included in the list of the 20 best bamboo species in the world but definitely worth noting are:

  • Arundinaria
  • Bambusa atra
  • Bambusa heterostachya
  • Bambusa nutans
  • Bambusa oldhamii
  • Bambusa pervariabilis
  • Lingnania chungii
  • Dendrocalamus brandisii
  • Dendrocalamus hamiltonii
  • Dendrocalamus hookeri
  • Dendrocalamus membranaceus
  • Gigantochloa albociliata
  • Gigantochloa atroviolacea
  • Gigantochloa balui
  • Gigantochloa hasskarliana
  • Oxytenanthera
  • Phyllostachys glauca
  • Schizostachyum
 

Source: INBAR & IPGRI: Priority species of bamboo and rattan.