Bamboo Genera

Bamboo Genera

All bamboo genera (111) are listed here with their tribe and subtribe. They contain all the known bamboo species within their genus (click on the genus to see the corresponding species).

Bamboo belongs to the family POACEAE (GRAMINEAE), which is divided into 7 to 10 subfamilies. Among them the subfamily BAMBUSOIDEAE comprising both woody and herbaceous bamboos with altogether 1575 bamboo species.

BAMBUSOIDEAE is divided into:

  • 1 tribe of woody bamboos (BAMBUSEAE, this divided into 10 subtribes).
  • 5 tribes of herbaceous bamboos (OLYREA, BUERGERSIOCHLOEAE, PARIANEAE, GUADUELLEAE, PUELIEAE).

Although all woody and herbaceous bamboo genera are listed here, we will only focus on the woody bamboo types since they have the most economical value. Click on the specific genus below for more information.

Records - of

Genus

Species

Tribe

Subtribe

Origin

Acidosasa 21 Bambuseae Arundinariinae China - Vietnam
Actinocladum 1 Bambuseae Arthrostylidinae Brazil
Agnesia 1 Olyreae   South America
Alvimia 3 Bambuseae Arthrostylidinae Brazil
Ampelocalamus 11 Bambuseae Thamnocalaminae East and Southeast Asia
Apoclada 3 Bambuseae Arthrostylidinae Brazil
Arberella 7 Olyreae   Central and South America
Arthrostylidium 32 Bambuseae Arthrostylidinae Caribbean, Central and South America
Arundinaria 1 Bambuseae Arundinariinae  
Athroostachys 1 Bambuseae Arthrostylidinae Brazil
Atractantha 5 Bambuseae Arthrostylidinae Brazil - Venezuela
Aulonemia 39 Bambuseae Arthrostylidinae Central and South America
Bambusa 157 Bambuseae Bambusinae East and Southeast Asia - Madagascar
Bashania 6 Bambuseae Arundinariinae China
Bonia 5 Bambuseae Bambusinae China - Vietnam
Borinda 11 Bambuseae Thamnocalaminae China - Bhutan - Nepal
Brachystachyum 1 Bambuseae Shibataeinae China
Buergersiochloa 1 Buergersiochloeae   Papua New Guinea - Indonesia
Cephalostachyum 17 Bambuseae Melocanninae  
Chimonobambusa 38 Bambuseae Shibataeinae  
Chimonocalamus 16 Bambuseae Thamnocalaminae  
Chusquea 135 Bambuseae Chusqueinae  
Colanthelia 7 Bambuseae Arthrostylidinae  
Criciuma 1 Bambuseae Guaduinae  
Cryptochloa 9 Olyreae    
Davidsea 1 Bambuseae Melocanninae  
Decaryochloa 1 Bambuseae Hickelinae  
Dendrocalamus 52 Bambuseae Bambusinae  
Dendrochloa 1 Bambuseae Melocanninae  
Diandrolyra 2 Olyreae    
Dinochloa 27 Bambuseae Bambusinae  
Drepanostachyum 11 Bambuseae Thamnocalaminae  
Ekmanochloa 2 Olyreae    
Elytrostachys 2 Bambuseae Arthrostylidinae  
Eremitis 1 Parianeae    
Eremocaulon 1 Bambuseae Guaduinae  
Fargesia 84 Bambuseae Thamnocalaminae  
Ferrocalamus 2 Bambuseae Arundinariinae  
Froesiochloa 1 Olyreae    
Gaoligongshania 1 Bambuseae Arundinariinae  
Gelidocalamus 13 Bambuseae Arundinariinae  
Gigantochloa 55 Bambuseae Bambusinae  
Glaziophyton 1 Bambuseae Arthrostylidinae  
Greslania 4 Bambuseae Hickelinae  
Guadua 38 Bambuseae Guaduinae  
Guaduella 6 Guaduelleae    
Hibanobambusa 1 Bambuseae Shibataeinae  
Hickelia 4 Bambuseae Hickelinae  
Himalayacalamus 11 Bambuseae Thamnocalaminae  
Hitchcockella 1 Bambuseae Hickelinae  
Holttumochloa 3 Bambuseae Bambusinae  
Indocalamus 35 Bambuseae Arundinariinae  
Indosasa 27 Bambuseae Shibataeinae  
Kinabaluchloa 2 Bambuseae Bambusinae  
Kiemachloa 1 Bambuseae Bambusinae  
Lithachne 4 Olyreae    
Maclurochloa 1 Bambuseae Bambusinae  
Maclurolyra 1 Bambuseae Olyreae  
Melocalamus 9 Bambuseae Bambusinae  
Melocanna 2 Bambuseae Melocanninae  
Menstruocalamus 1 Bambuseae Arundinariinae  
Merostachys 34 Bambuseae Arthrostylidinae  
Metasasa 2 Bambuseae Arundinariinae  
Mniochloa 1 Olyreae    
Myriocladus 21 Bambuseae Arthrostylidinae  
Nastus 24 Bambuseae Hickelinae  
Neohouzeaua 7 Bambuseae Melocanninae  
Neomicrocalamus 7 Bambuseae Racemobambosinae  
Neurolepis 21 Bambuseae Chusqueinae  
Ochlandra 11 Bambuseae Melocanninae  
Oligostachyum 18 Bambuseae Arundinariinae  
Olmeca 2 Bambuseae Guaduinae  
Olyra 23 Olyreae    
Oreobambos 1 Bambuseae Bambusinae  
Otatea 2 Bambuseae Guaduinae  
Oxytenanthera 1 Bambuseae Bambusinae  
Pariana 39 Parianeae    
Parodiolyra 3 Olyreae    
Perrierbambus 2 Bambuseae Hickelinae  
Phyllostachys 76 Bambuseae Shibataeinae  
Piresia 4 Olyreae    
Piresiella 1 Olyreae    
Pleioblastus 43 Bambuseae Arundinariinae  
Polyanthus 1 Bambuseae Arundinariinae  
Pseudobambusa 1 Bambuseae Bambusinae  
Pseudosasa 36 Bambuseae Arundinariinae  
Pseudostachyum 2 Bambuseae Melocanninae  
Pseudoxytenanthera 12 Bambuseae Bambusinae  
Puelia 5 Puelieae    
Racemobambos 19 Bambuseae Racemobambosinae  
Raddia 5 Olyreae    
Raddiella 8 Olyreae    
Rehia 1 Olyreae    
Reitzia 1 Olyreae    
Rhipidocladum 18 Bambuseae Arthrostylidinae  
Sasa 60 Bambuseae Arundinariinae  
Sasaella 11 Bambuseae Arundinariinae  
Schizostachyum 45 Bambuseae Melocanninae  
Semiarundinaria 7 Bambuseae Shibataeinae  
Shibataea 9 Bambuseae Shibataeinae  
Sinobambusa 25 Bambuseae Shibataeinae  
Soejatmia 1 Bambuseae Bambusinae  
Sphaerobambos 3 Bambuseae Bambusinae  
Sucrea 3 Olyreae    
Teinostachyum 2 Bambuseae Melocanninae  
Temburongia 1 Bambuseae Hickelinae  
Thamnocalamus 4 Bambuseae Thamnocalaminae  
Thyrsostachys 2 Bambuseae Bambusinae  
Vietnamocalamus 1 Bambuseae Arundinariinae  
Vietnamosasa 3 Bambuseae Racemobambosinae  
Yushania 87 Bambuseae Thamnocalaminae  
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Most Cultivated Bamboo Genera