Bamboo Species of Bolivia
9 genera, 23 species, 2 subspecies
In Bolivia, bamboo has been used by Andean communities in traditional production of musical instruments and baskets, and as cattle forage. An estimate of the area of bamboo forest in the highlands or lowland regions of this country does not yet exist.
The botanical survey conducted during the last decade in the lowland regions of Bolivia has reported two genera: Actinocladum and Elytrostachys, in addition to 3 species of Guadua to be added to Bolivia’s bamboo inventory. Eastern Bolivia has Guadua capitata, Guadua chacoensis and Guadua paniculata growing in dry closed-type plant communities; 2 other species, Guadua sarcocarpa and Guadua superba, occur in north-eastern Bolivia at the border with Brazil and Peru, in a huge bamboo dominated forest.
|Actinocladum verticillatum||14 mm||3-4.6 m|
|Arthrostylidium canaliculatum||4-5 mm||6 m|
|Aulonemia boliviana||5 mm|
|Aulonemia herzogiana||0.5-4 mm||3-6 m|
|Aulonemia logipedicellata||2 m|
|Aulonemia queko||20-30 mm||8-15 m|
|Aulonemia tremula||2 mm||4-10 m|
|Chusquea delicatula||4 mm||3 m|
|Chusquea longipendula||6-12 m|
|Chusquea scandens||10-25 mm||2-6 m|
|Chusquea tessellata||10 mm||3 m|
|Guadua capitata||60 mm|
|Guadua chacoensis||100-150 mm||12-20 m|
|Guadua paniculata||50-70 mm||8-10 m|
|Guadua paraguayana||20-40 mm||8-10 m|
|Guadua sarcocarpa ssp. purpuracea|
|Guadua sarcocarpa ssp. sarcocarpa|
|Guadua superba||100-150 mm||20 m|
|Guadua weberbaueri||40-120 mm||8-20 m|
|Neurolepis weberbaueri||4 m|
|Rhipidocladum harmonicum||20-60 mm||10-20 m|
|Rhipidocladum racemiflorum||5-10 mm||10-15 m|
From the 23 species reported in Bolivia, only 3 have some economic and/or cultural role: Aulonemia queko, Rhipidocladum harmonicum and Guadua paniculata.
In Bolivia Guadua paniculata occurs in the departments of Beni and Santa Cruz, growing in dry forests at 200-700m elevation. It is locally named "guapa" and is extracted from existing native populations.