Bamboo Species of Bolivia

Bamboo Species of Bolivia

9 genera, 23 species, 2 subspecies

In Bolivia, bamboo has been used by Andean communities in traditional production of musical instruments and baskets, and as cattle forage. An estimate of the area of bamboo forest in the highlands or lowland regions of this country does not yet exist.

The botanical survey conducted during the last decade in the lowland regions of Bolivia has reported two genera: Actinocladum and Elytrostachys, in addition to 3 species of Guadua to be added to Bolivia’s bamboo inventory. Eastern Bolivia has Guadua capitata, Guadua chacoensis and Guadua paniculata growing in dry closed-type plant communities; 2 other species, Guadua sarcocarpa and Guadua superba, occur in north-eastern Bolivia at the border with Brazil and Peru, in a huge bamboo dominated forest.

From the 23 species reported in Bolivia, only 3 have some economic and/or cultural role: Aulonemia queko, Rhipidocladum harmonicum and Guadua paniculata.

In Bolivia Guadua paniculata occurs in the departments of Beni and Santa Cruz, growing in dry forests at 200-700m elevation. It is locally named "guapa" and is extracted from existing native populations.

Native Woody Bamboo Species of Bolivia

Records - of

Species Name

Diameter

Height

Actinocladum verticillatum 14 mm 3-4.6 m
Arthrostylidium canaliculatum 4-5 mm 6 m
Aulonemia boliviana 5 mm
Aulonemia herzogiana 0.5-4 mm 3-6 m
Aulonemia logipedicellata 2 m
Aulonemia queko 20-30 mm 8-15 m
Aulonemia tremula 2 mm 4-10 m
Chusquea delicatula 4 mm 3 m
Chusquea longipendula 6-12 m
Chusquea lorentziana
Chusquea scandens 10-25 mm 2-6 m
Chusquea tessellata 10 mm 3 m
Elytrostachys sp.
Guadua capitata 60 mm
Guadua chacoensis 100-150 mm 12-20 m
Guadua paniculata 50-70 mm 8-10 m
Guadua paraguayana 20-40 mm 8-10 m
Guadua sarcocarpa ssp. purpuracea
Guadua sarcocarpa ssp. sarcocarpa
Guadua superba 100-150 mm 20 m
Guadua weberbaueri 40-120 mm 8-20 m
Merostachys sp.
Neurolepis weberbaueri 4 m
Rhipidocladum harmonicum 20-60 mm 10-20 m
Rhipidocladum racemiflorum 5-10 mm 10-15 m
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