Bamboo species of the genus Schizostachyum are tall or shrub-like tropical clumping, and sometimes climbing bamboos. They grow native in the tropical and subtropical regions from Madagascar to the Pacific Islands with South-East Asia as the centre of distribution. The northernmost species is reported from Jiangxi in South China. Some species have been introduced into cultivation as ornamental and useful plants.
Schizostachyum bamboo usually occurrs spontaneous at low and medium elevations up to about 1,000 m (a few species up to about 2,000 m), in forests, clearings, and also in the open field, preferring humid conditions.
The name Schizostachyum comes from Greek 'schistos' (cleft) and 'stachys' (spike), referring to the spacing of spikelets.