Bamboo species of the genus Fargesia are medium to small mountain clumping bamboos, found in the alpine conifer forests of East Asia (China, Vietnam, and Burma). In China they are known as 'jian zhu' (arrow bamboo).
Fargesias are some of the world's most hardy bamboos and are also becoming well-known for their thick clumping habits. Some bamboos in this genus are also essential food for pandas.
The scientific name Fargesia was dedicated to the French missionary and amateur botanist Père Paul Guillaume Farges (1814-1912) who worked as a Christian missionary and plant collector in China.
There are currently about 86 recognized Fargesia species, morphological and genetic analysis has led to many being transferred to the genera Thamnocalamus and Yushania, while others are still uncertain.