The genus Cephalostachyum is a primitive tropical and subtropical bamboo. Species of this bamboo grow in dense clumps with thin-walled weak culms.
They like humid and shady conditions and occur mainly in forests of moderate and high elevations (500 - 2,000 m). A few species grow up to 2,450 m altitude in the eastern Himalayas.
Bamboo species of the genus Cephalostachyum are native to the Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand, Burma, China, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh and Madagascar.