Bamboo Species of Panama

Bamboo Species of Panama

7 genera, 21 species

In Panama, bamboo is scarcely used as an economic plant. However, Panama is the third richest country in woody bamboo diversity in Central America: 43% of its species belong to the genus Chusquea, and the rest belong to the genera Arthrostylidium, Aulonemia, Elytrostachys, Guadua, Neurolepis and Rhipidocladum.

Records - of

Species Name



Arthrostylidium excelsum 2-3 mm 1-5 m
Arthrostylidium judziewiczii 1-2 mm 2-4 m
Arthrostylidium pubescens 10-25 mm 5-15 m
Arthrostylidium venezuelae 10-30 mm 3-10 m
Aulonemia patriae 5-10 mm 3-5 m
Chusquea amistadensis 20 mm 1-2 m
Chusquea grandiflora 18 m
Chusquea longifolia 20-60 mm 5-15 m
Chusquea pittieri 50 mm 10-20 m
Chusquea pohlii 30 mm 15 m
Chusquea serpens 10 mm 20 m
Chusquea simpliciflora 5-10 mm 5-25 m
Chusquea subtessellata 4-13 mm 1-3 m
Chusquea vulcanalis 32 mm 2-10 m
Elytrostachys clavigera 40 mm
Guadua angustifolia 70-200 mm 7-30 m
Guadua macclurei 30-40 mm 6-15 m
Guadua paniculata 50-70 mm 8-10 m
Neurolepis pittieri 5.5-6 m
Rhipidocladum panamense 6-8 mm 5 m
Rhipidocladum racemiflorum 5-10 mm 10-15 m
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Guadua angustifolia has been cultivated in the Canal Zone Experimental Garden, from where it has been distributed to several Latin American countries, including Peru, Costa Rica, Guatemala and Cuba (US National herbarium).

It is doubtful whether this species exists in this country in any natural distribution; it may have spread from the Canal Zone, where it was introduced from Ecuador in 1924 by Mr. Holgar Johansen, according to specimen at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C.

According to Young and Judd (1992), some of the plants collected as wild have been so suspiciously close to the experiment stations that they might be just escapes. Another unresolved problem in its natural distribution is the role that human cultivation has played in transporting this huge potential species.