Bamboo Species of Nicaragua

Bamboo Species of Nicaragua

4 genera, 9 species

Nicaragua is a country with relatively few species of native bamboos but with widespread Guadua species covering the eastern alluvial plains. The genus Guadua includes four species: Guadua amplexifolia, Guadua aculeata, Guadua macclurei and Guadua paniculata.

Guadua amplexifolia occurs in greatest abundance in eastern Nicaragua, in a narrow but more or less continuous band along the rivers emptying into the Caribbean between Puerto Cabezas and Bluefields. Occasionally, it occurs in openings in the forest either as pure stands or mixed with trees and shrubs. It is known to the Mesquite community as "cauro" and is used in local construction.

Guadua amplexifolia covers an estimated area of 12,000 ha; the largest Guadua forests were found along the rivers Prinzapolca, Wawa, Coco and Rio Grande. It is probable that the most preserved bamboo area is in the north-eastern part of the country.

Records - of

Species Name



Arthrostylidium excelsum 2-3 mm 1-5 m
Arthrostylidium venezuelae 10-30 mm 3-10 m
Chusquea simpliciflora 5-10 mm 5-25 m
Guadua amplexifolia 60-100 mm 10-15 m
Guadua aculeata 70-200 mm 7-30 m
Guadua macclurei 30-40 mm 6-15 m
Guadua paniculata 50-70 m 8-10 m
Rhipidocladum pacuarense 20-30 mm 10-12 m
Rhipidocladum pittieri 5-10 mm 5-10 m
Rhipidocladum racemiflorum 5-10 mm 10-15 m
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In 1945, Guadua angustifolia was introduced from the Canal Zone, Panama, into the Agricultural Experimental Station E1 Recreo in Bluefields, where other exotic bamboos were also introduced.

It can be said that Nicaragua is a country where government and private institutions have made intensive efforts to explore and develop its bamboo resources.