Bamboo Species of El Salvador
6 genera, 11 species
El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America, and it has the highest deforestation and overpopulation. Some of the 11 bamboo species reported in the country might not exist anymore.
Guadua amplexifolia occurs in areas adjacent to Tecoluca (San Vicentre Department), Zacatecoluca (La Paz Department) and Canton Soledad (Cabañas Department) at elevations of 400 to 800m. Guadua aculeata occurs in the vicinity of Ahuachapan (Ahuachapan Department) at 900 to 1,050m elevations. Guadua paniculata (locally known as "cana brava") is found in the Departments of Cuscatlan and Cabañas growing wild on dry ridges at elevations of 540-870 m. More recently, Guadua paniculata has been reported in Chalatenango Department, at 300 m elevation.
McClure brought around 20 species of Asiatic bamboos from Puerto Rico, the Canal Zone and El Paraiso (Honduras) and planted them at San Andres. At present, the National Center of Agricultural Technology (CENTA) has the largest bamboo collection in the country, with 17 species of native and exotic bamboos, mostly from McClure's introductions.