Bambusa membranacea

Bambusa membranacea

Bambusa membranacea also known as White Bamboo and formerly classified as Dendrocalamus membranaceus is a medium-sized tropical clumping bamboo originating from Southeast Asia. This bamboo species is a good source for paper pulp and has edible shoots.

Height 20 - 24 m
Diameter 6 - 10 cm
Growth Habit Clumping
Climate Tropical
Hardiness -4°C
Origin Southeast Asia

Culms: Bambusa membranacea is a moderate-sized, strong bamboo forming loose clump. Culms are straight and usually between 20-24 m high and 6-10 cm in diameter. Internodes are 22-38 cm long and covered with a white powdery deciduous scurf when young, but green on maturity. Nodes are strongly ringed and basal nodes show rootlets.

Branches: Several to many clustered branches with 1-3 larger dominant branches. The upper branches are slender and bare many leaves.

Leaves: Lance-shaped leaves which are on average between 12-25 cm long and 1.5-2.5 cm broad. 

Seeds: Flowering of this species was last reported in 1992 and 1994 from North-Eastern India.

Habitat: Bambusa membranacea prefers laterite and black limestone soils, and is most found in tropical mixed deciduous or monsoon forest below 1,000 m altitude. 

Uses: This bamboo is used for building purposes, furniture, bamboo board, agricultural implements, slat traps, matting, chopsticks, basketry, handicrafts, and as props for fruit trees. It is also one of the most promising species for pulp. Shoots are edible and consumed as a vegetable.

Bambusa membranacea Distribution Map

Origin: BURMA: from Kachin to Tenasserim; THAILAND: found throughout Thailand, mainly in the northern and north-eastern part; LAOS; CHINA: one of the common species occurring in China (Yunnan) and Taiwan.