Bambusa atra

Bambusa atra

Bambusa atra also known as Long Pipe Bamboo or New Guinea Thin-walled Bamboo is a tropical clumping bamboo originating from Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. This bamboo species is often used for basket making and other handicrafts.

Bambusa atra | Courtesy: mela quintana

Height 5 - 8 m
Diameter 2 - 4 cm
Growth Habit Clumping
Climate Tropical - Subtropical
Hardiness -1°C
Origin Indonesia - New Guinea

Culms: The culms of Bambusa atra are on average 5-8 m tall and 2-4 cm in diameter near the base. Culms are green or dark-green, or yellowish with green stripes The culm internodes are on average between 40-70 cm long, separated by prominent marked ring-like sheath scars on the nodes.

Shoots: Young shoots are slender with flame-shaped sheath.

Leaves: Lance-shaped leaf blades of 30 cm long and 5 cm broad, which are dull green above, and pale green beneath. Culm sheaths are up to 60 cm long and 10 cm broad.

Flowering: It is reported that Bambusa atra flowers regularly and that culms do not die after flowering as in other bamboos, however, often without setting any fruit. 

Habitat: Bambusa atra is a lowland species growing well on hill slopes and along river banks. This bamboo prefers wet soil and low elevations, but is also found growing on lime stone.

Uses: Used mostly for basketry and handicrafts, as a building material, thatching (strips of culms used as a binding material in roofings), fish traps and screens, and in general very well-suited to develop village industries. 

Bambusa atra Distribution Map

Origin: Native to the eastern islands of Indonesia (Moluccas, Ambon, Irian Jaya) up to Papua New Guinea (Morobe District, Sepik Districts). Possibly also native to the Philippines (southern Mindanao). Bambusa atra is occasionally cultivated elsewhere in South and South-East Asia (e.g. Java, India).